Knowledge Base


Sowing Lawn Seed

When to sow: Lawn seed can be sown any time from early spring to early autumn providing that in periods of dry weather the seedbed is kept constantly moist until the grass is about 40-50 mm. Always water with a fine spray -a strong waterjet will remove the seeds! During periods of drought constant watering […]

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Sowing your Chicory Crop

Sowing your Chicory Crop

Desiccation Desiccate 14 days before working up the paddocks or 2-4 days before drilling. Water rate 150L / ha Glyphosate 510 3L / ha Smart Gun-Up 3L / ha Organo Silicone 100ml / 100L of water Chlorpyrifos 200ml / ha Fertiliser General fertiliser requirements prior to planting. (Please note: a fertiliser recommendation based on a […]

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Annual Poa

Annual Poa

Technical Name: Poa annua General: Annual Poa is an infectious and widespread weed that thrives in temperate conditions. While Annual Poa can be controlled with cultivation, the species will continue to grow as a result of seed production. Identification: Annual Poa often flowers in winter, but can flower at any time of the year. The […]

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Redroot Amaranthus

Redroot Amaranthus

Technical Name: Amaranthus sp. General: Summer annual dying off with frosts in late autumn. Can be a major problem in crops as it’s quick growth and high germination rate can cause competition for resources in many crop species. Identification: Tall upright plant. Foliage is usually green but often has a reddish tinge. Stems can be […]

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Annual Clover

Annual Clover n – Annual legume with good summer performance Annual Clover is native to countries such as Turkey, Iran and Iraq. It is bred for it’s performance in summer dry areas. Annual clover is a self-regenerating clover, with most growth occurring in spring. Most annual clovers, particularly Balansa produce seed profusely if given the […]

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Ring Spot

Technical Name: Mycosphaerella Brassicicola General: Dormant over winter. Found mostly in spring crops. In spring spores are produced infecting leaves and seed pods. Can cause substantial crop yield loss. Identification: It produces characteristic dark rings/ spots Lesion margins are yellow. Crop symptoms include and leaf yellowing. Leaf drop can occur as infection progresses. Can be […]

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Yellow Bristle Grass

Yellow Bristle Grass

General: Yellow bristle grass occurs in areas with adequate summer rainfall, usually where the annual rainfall exceeds 500 mm per annum although it can tolerate dry conditions once established. It grows in areas where the soil has been disturbed, including cultivated areas, old pastures and along footpaths and the side of roads, especially where water […]

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Ryecorn

Ryecorn

Ryecorn n – Cross between Ryegrass and Wheat. Ryecorn is a rapid growing multigraze cereal that provides very cost effective greenfeed. It has a higher fibre content which makes it a valuable winter feed. It will perform well even in frost prone areas. Winta Extremely fast establishment Good Frost tolerance Densely tillered good grazing tolerance […]

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Are all seed coatings the same?

Are all seed coatings the same?

Definitely not. It is important to confirm with your seed supplier that the coating will give you the protection you require. Coatings fall into four categories I. Insecticide II. Fungicide III. Nutritional IV. Rhizobia Don’t automatically assume that coated seed has insecticide – you could be quite disappointed!

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Ryegrass Continuum

Ryegrass Continuum

Ryegrass Continuum Short Rotation Ryegrasses Long Rotation & Perennial Ryegrasses 9-12 Months 12-18 Months 12-24 Months 12-36 Months Hybrid Large Leaved Medium Leaved Fine Leaved Pumpa ll Moata Indulgence Perun Ohau Halo Nui Kingston Progrow Accelerate Velocity Momentum Supreme Bealey Extreme Kamo Archie Feast ll Asset LE Harper Banquet ll Quartet ll Samson Pacific Tama […]

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Ryegrass Heading Dates

Ryegrass Heading Dates

  Perennial Ryegrass Cultivar Heading Days (relative to Nui = 0) Kingston -3 Extreme 0 Kamo 0 Nui 0 Request 0 Commando 1 Pacific 1 Perma 2 Samson 3 Hillary 4 Jeta 7 Arrow 7 Ohau 8 Stellar 8 Delish 11 Prospect 12 Perun 12 Alto 14 AberDart 15 AberMagic 15 Trojan 16 Maverick ll […]

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Scotch Thistle

Scotch Thistle

Technical Name: Cirsium vulgare General: A biennial weed species. As the rosette grows close to the ground and its capacity to regrow if damaged it can tolerate mowing. As livestock don’t like eating the thistles it flowers freely in pastures. Seeds germinate when competition is low often in areas of bare soil from tracking damage […]

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Shepherd’s Purse

Shepherd's Purse

Technical Name: Capsella bursa-pastoris General: Small annual weed which can germinate at most times of the year. Commonly found in crops and gardens throughout New Zealand. It is often found in winter because of its ability to grow throughout the year and is more competitive when vigorous summer annuals are absent. Identification: Grows as a […]

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Are we sowing our rye and clover too heavy?

Are we sowing our rye and clover too heavy?

Well at times, we may be. Smart sometimes hears of farmers and contractors sowing small seed ryegrasses at 35 Kg / Ha. This will look great at initial grazing, but then often it will become light coloured and struggle as interplant competition comes into effect. Should the following summer be dry, there is a very high possibility you will have […]

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Slug

What can you do about slugs?

Technical Name: Deroceras sp. General: There are 11 introduced species of slugs in New Zealand. The grey field slug is the most common and present throughout New Zealand. Slugs can be a severe problem when undertaking pasture or crop renewal feeding on germinating seed and newly emerged seedlings. Identification: Slime trails are often visible with […]

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